The Levitical offerings

6. The trespass offering

(Lev 5:6 KJV) And he shall bring his trespass offering unto the LORD for his sin which he hath sinned, a female from the flock, a lamb or a kid of the goats, for a sin offering; and the priest shall make an atonement for him concerning his sin.


Trespass … a type of sin. Sin can be considered in four ways.

i. SIN:

to err or miss the mark. We have all

missed the mark.


lawlessness or rebellion

(1 John 3:4 KJV) Whosoever commits sin transgresses also the law: for sin is the transgression of the law.


Vanity, pride, perverseness,

(Isa 53:11 KJV) He shall see of the travail of his soul, and shall be satisfied: by his knowledge shall my righteous servant justify many; for he shall bear their iniquities.


Stepping across the boundary, going

too far, to step aside.

In the Levitical offerings sin and trespass are similar.

(Lev 7:7 NIV) “‘The same law applies to both the sin offering and the guilt offering: They belong to the priest who makes atonement with them.

Why then have two offerings?

Two aspects of the trespass offering. are to be considered.

i. Trespass against the Law (i.e. The Lord.)

(Lev 5:15 KJV) If a soul commit a trespass, and sin through ignorance, in the holy things of the LORD; then he shall bring for his trespass unto the LORD a ram without blemish out of the flocks, with an estimation by shekels of silver, after the shekel of the sanctuary, for a trespass offering:

ii. Trespass against neighbour. (n.b.not ignorance)

(Lev 6:2 KJV) If a soul sin, and commit a trespass against the LORD, and lie unto his neighbour in that which was delivered him to keep, or in fellowship, or in a thing taken away by violence, or has deceived his neighbour;


(Lev 5:1-4 KJV) And if a soul sin, and hear the voice of swearing, and is a witness, whether he hath seen or known of it; if he do not utter it, then he shall bear his iniquity. [4] Or if a soul swear, pronouncing with his lips to do evil, or to do good, whatsoever it be that a man shall pronounce with an oath, and it be hid from him; when he knows of it, then he shall be guilty in one of these

How does this effect us in this day ??

(1 Ki 8:31 KJV) If any man trespass against his neighbour, and an oath be laid upon him to cause him to swear, and the oath come before your altar in this house:

(Eccl 3:7 NIV) a time to tear and a time to mend, a time to be silent and a time to speak,


(Lev 5:2-3 NIV) “‘Or if a person touches anything ceremonially unclean—whether the carcasses of unclean wild animals or of unclean livestock or of unclean creatures that move along the ground—even though he is unaware of it, he has become unclean and is guilty. [3] “‘Or if he touches human uncleanness—anything that would make him unclean—even though he is unaware of it, when he learns of it he will be guilty.

Today the unclean is within. Not what goes into a man but what comes out. In the heart, the tongue involved. We can also go back to the sins of former days.

(Heb 12:15 NIV) See to it that no one misses the grace of God and that no bitter root grows up to cause trouble and defile many.


(Lev 5:4 NIV) “‘Or if a person thoughtlessly takes an oath (OR A VOW) to do anything, whether good or evil—in any matter one might carelessly swear about—even though he is unaware of it, in any case when he learns of it he will be guilty.

.(Eccl 5:1-6 NIV) Guard your steps when you go to the house of God. Go near to listen rather than to offer the sacrifice of fools, who do not know that they do wrong. [2] Do not be quick with your mouth, do not be hasty in your heart to utter anything before God. God is in heaven and you are on earth, so let your words be few. [3] As a dream comes when there are many cares, so the speech of a fool when there are many words. [4] When you make a vow to God, do not delay in fulfilling it. He has no pleasure in fools; fulfill your vow. [5] It is better not to vow than to make a vow and not fulfill it. [6] Do not let your mouth lead you into sin. And do not protest to the temple messenger, “My vow was a mistake


(Lev 5:5 NIV) “‘When anyone is guilty in any of these ways, he must confess in what way he has sinned

(Lev 5:17 NIV) “If a person sins and does what is forbidden in any of the Lord’s commands, even though he does not know it, he is guilty and will be held responsible.


(Lev 6:2-3 NIV) “If anyone sins and is unfaithful to the LORD by deceiving his neighbor about something entrusted to him or left in his care or stolen, or if he cheats him, [3] or if he finds lost property and lies about it, or if he swears falsely, or if he commits any such sin that people may do—

(Lev 6:5 NIV) or whatever it was he swore falsely about. He must make restitution in full, add a fifth of the value to it and give it all to the owner on the day he presents his guilt offering.

Notice the order … Restitution comes first, then the trespass offering, or there is no atonement. Where does fellowship come, is it considered in the trespass offering?

(Mat 5:23 NIV) “Therefore, if you are offering your gift at the altar and there remember that your brother has something against you,(Mat 5:24 NIV) leave your gift there in front of the altar. First go and be reconciled to your brother; then come and offer your gift.


It was killed in the same place as the burnt offering.

Jesus carried our sins but He was most holy. He is our sin offering.

(John 8:46 NIV) Can any of you prove me guilty of sin? If I am telling the truth, why don’t you believe me?

(Heb 4:15 NIV) For we do not have a high priest who is unable to sympathize with our weaknesses, but we have one who has been tempted in every way, just as we are—yet was without sin.

(1 Pet 2:22 NIV) “He committed no sin, and no deceit was found in his mouth.”