JESUS AND THE SCRIPTURES
During the time when Jesus was with the early church there were no New Testament Scriptures. He taught the disciples from the Old Testament. In the old the new was concealed as it is to this day. Holy Spirit opens up the books to us that we might see.
Psa 40:7 (NIV) Then I said, “Here I am, I have come— it is written about me in the scroll.
Heb 10:7 (NIV) Then I said, ‘Here I am—it is written about me in the scroll— I have come to do your will, O God.'”
Jesus spoke of three divisions of the Old Testament Scriptures:
i. The Law.
ii. The Prophets.
iii. The Psalms
Luke 24:26-45 (NIV) . 44 He said to them, “This is what I told you while I was still with you: Everything must be fulfilled that is written about me in the Law of Moses, the Prophets and the Psalms.” 45 Then he opened their minds so they could understand the Scriptures.
Jesus opened up their understanding. The early church was then able to appeal to the existing Scriptures as evidence to the truth of the gospel message.
Examples of some of these extracts. (there are many more.)
i. Psalms David
Acts 1:15-20 (NIV) In those days Peter stood up among the believers (a group numbering about a hundred and twenty) 16 and said, “Brothers, the Scripture had to be fulfilled which the Holy Spirit spoke long ago through the mouth of David concerning Judas, who served as guide for those who arrested Jesus— 17 he was one of our number and shared in this ministry.” 18 (With the reward he got for his wickedness, Judas bought a field; there he fell headlong, his body burst open and all his intestines spilled out. 19 Everyone in Jerusalem heard about this, so they called that field in their language Akeldama, that is, Field of Blood.) 20 “For,” said Peter, “it is written in the book of Psalms, “‘May his place be deserted; let there be no one to dwell in it,’ and, “‘May another take his place of leadership.’.
2. Prophets. Samuel
Acts 3:22-25 (NIV) For Moses said, ‘The Lord your God will raise up for you a prophet like me from among your own people; you must listen to everything he tells you. 23 Anyone who does not listen to him will be completely cut off from among his people.’ 24 “Indeed, all the prophets from Samuel on, as many as have spoken, have foretold these days.
3. Prophets. Isaiah.
Acts 8:28 (NIV) and on his way home was sitting in his chariot reading the book of Isaiah the prophet. (Acts 8:32 NIV) The eunuch was reading this passage of Scripture: “He was led like a sheep to the slaughter, and as a lamb before the shearer is silent, so he did not open his mouth.
4. Law. Moses.
Acts 3:19-23 (NIV) Repent, then, and turn to God, so that your sins may be wiped out, 22 For Moses said, ‘The Lord your God will raise up for you a prophet like me from among your own people; you must listen to everything he tells you. 23 Anyone who does not listen to him will be completely cut off from among his people.’
5. Prophets. Joel
Acts 2:16 (NIV) No, this is what was spoken by the prophet Joel:
The New Testament abounds with such references . These quotes are the opening up of the hidden wisdom concerning our Lord Jesus Christ. Such is the way of the Spirit in this day for He will lead us into all truth concerning the nature of the Lord Christ. The understanding of the Tabernacle of David is one example.of such truth
TYPES AND SHADOWS
The Scriptures that follow support the idea that what has been written by the men of old is to assist in our walk even to this very day.
1 Cor 10:11 (NIV) These things happened to them as examples and were written down as warnings for us, on whom the fulfilment of the ages has come.
Col 2:16-17 (NIV) Therefore do not let anyone judge you by what you eat or drink, or with regard to a religious festival, a New Moon celebration or a Sabbath day. 17 These are a shadow of the things that were to come; the reality, however, is found in Christ.
Heb 8:5 (NIV) They serve at a sanctuary that is a copy and shadow of what is in heaven. This is why Moses was warned when he was about to build the tabernacle: “See to it that you make everything according to the pattern shown you on the mountain.”
Heb 10:1 (NIV) The law is only a shadow of the good things that are coming—not the realities themselves.
What then is the example we can learn from David’s life ?
The twelve tribes of Israel had lived in Canaan since the time of Joshua. Saul, David and Solomon were the only kings who ruled over the twelve tribes as a single kingdom. After the death of Solomon the kingdom was divided into two great divisions. Ten tribes were known as Israel and two others who were known as Judah.
THE SIGNIFICANCE OF DAVID
Isa 55:3-4 (NIV) Give ear and come to me; hear me, that your soul may live. I will make an everlasting covenant with you, my faithful love promised to David. 4 See, I have made him a witness to the peoples, a leader and commander of the peoples.
i. Hear that your soul shall live.
ii. an everlasting covenant.
iii. sure and faithful love
iv. David a witness
This was in effect a messianic prophecy.
THE LIFE OF DAVID
David is believed to mean “beloved ” In Scripture the name is his alone, no other is given the name David. A unique person who was called by Paul a seed. ( Jesus from the seed of David )
Rom 1:3 (NIV) regarding his Son, who as to his human nature was a descendant of David,
Also we read
Rev 22:16 (KJV) I Jesus have sent mine angel to testify unto you these things in the churches. I am the root and the offspring of David, and the bright and morning star.
David’s story is found between 1 Sam 26 and 1 Kings 2 Also in 1 Chron 2 to 24.
He was the great grandson of Ruth and Boaz.
As the youngest of eight brothers, he lived the life of a shepherd. His life has many typical features that point to Jesus. His life is best seen as two parts.
The Period of Rejection
Called from tending his father’s sheep he was anointed by Samuel the prophet. Saul sends for him and he kills Goliath. Saul becomes envious and tries to kill him. He is forced to flee into the wilds. Outcasts gather around him.
The Period of Exaltation
Anointed king over Israel. Established as king upon the throne and the outcasts become part of the kingdom. The David’s Tabernacle is established and the services of joy begin.
FORESHADOWING THE LIFE OF JESUS
i. Jesus spoken of as the son of David but He was David’s Lord.
(Mat 22:41-46 NIV) While the Pharisees were gathered together, Jesus asked them,  “What do you think about the Christ ? Whose son is he?” “The son of David,” they replied.  He said to them, “How is it then that David, speaking by the Spirit, calls him ‘Lord’? For he says,  “‘The Lord said to my Lord: “Sit at my right hand until I put your enemies under your feet.”‘  If then David calls him ‘Lord,’ how can he be his son
ii. Jesus was also anointed:
Mat 3:16 (KJV) And Jesus, when he was baptized, went up straightway out of the water: and, lo, the heavens were opened unto him, and he saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove, and lighting upon him:
iii. He was a shepherd:
John 10:11 (KJV) I am the good shepherd: the good shepherd giveth his life for the sheep.
iv. Triumphed over dark forces:
Col 2:15 (KJV) And having spoiled principalities and powers, he made a show of them openly, triumphing over them in it.
v. Envied by the ‘ Saul ” system of His day:
Mat 27:18 (KJV) For he knew that for envy they had delivered him.
vi. They sought His life:
vii, He gathered to himself the poor and the outcasts.
viii Exhalted and enthroned:
Rev 3:21 (NIV) To him who overcomes, I will give the right to sit with me on my throne, just as I overcame and sat down with my Father on his throne.
ix. Outcasts become part of the kingdom:
2 Tim 2:12 (NIV) if we endure, we will also reign with him. If we disown him, he will also disown us;
In David’s time the kingdom was established then the Tabernacle began its services. In the last days the kingdom of God will be established and the true tabernacle (the church.) will be revealed as the glorious bride.
A TABLE OF COMPARISONS
|DAVID AND HIS HOUSE||JESUS AND HIS HOUSE|
The natural and the prophetic
The spiritual and the fulfilment
|1. The covenant with David
(Psa 89:3 NIV) You said, “I have made a covenant with my chosen one, I have sworn to David my servant.
|Heb 13:20 KJV) Now the God of peace, that brought again from the dead our Lord Jesus, that great shepherd of the sheep, through the blood of the everlasting covenant.
Ps 89 v20-37 Promises concerning the Messiah.
|2 The seed of David||(Isa 7:13-14 NIV) Then Isaiah said, “Hear now, you house of David! Is it not enough to try the patience of men? Will you try the patience of my God also? Therefore the Lord himself will give you a sign: The virgin will be with child and will give birth to a son, and will call him Immanuel.
(Psa 89:29 NIV) I will establish his line forever, his throne as long as the heavens endure.
|3. The House of David.
(1 Chr 17:1 NIV) After David was settled in his palace, he said to Nathan the prophet, “Here I am, living in a palace of cedar, while the ark of the covenant of the LORD is under a tent.”
|(Heb 3:6 NIV) But Christ is faithful as a son over God’s house. And we are his house, if we hold on to our courage and the hope of which we boast.|
|4. The Kingdom of David||(Isa 9:7 NIV) Of the increase of his government and peace there will be no end. He will reign on David’s throne and over his kingdom, establishing and upholding it with justice and righteousness from that time on and forever. The zeal of the LORD Almighty will accomplish this.|
|5. The Throne of David||(Luke 1:32 NIV) He will be great and will be called the Son of the Most High. The Lord God will give him the throne of his father David,|
|6. The Sure Mercies of David||(Acts 13:34 NIV) The fact that God raised him from the dead, never to decay, is stated in these words: “‘I will give you the holy and sure blessings promised to David.’.
(Eph 1:3 NIV) Praise be to the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who has blessed us in the heavenly realms with every spiritual blessing in Christ.
|7. The Key of David||Messianic prophesy:
(Isa 22:21-23 NIV) I will clothe him with your robe and fasten your sash around him and hand your authority over to him. He will be a father to those who live in Jerusalem and to the house of Judah.  I will place on his shoulder the key to the house of David; what he opens no one can shut, and what he shuts no one can open.  I will drive him like a peg into a firm place; he will be a seat of honor for the house of his father.
(Rev 3:7 NIV) “To the angel of the church in Philadelphia write: These are the words of him who is holy and true, who holds the key of David. What he opens no one can shut, and what he shuts no one can open.
|8. The Horn of David.||Messianic Prophesy:
(Psa 132:17 NIV) “Here I will make a horn grow for David and set up a lamp for my anointed one.
(Luke 1:69 NIV) He has raised up a horn of salvation for us in the house of his servant David.
See also … Acts.1:16-20; Acts.2:25-34; Acts.4:25-26